Honey bee

Honey bees – a food product, which is partially digested in the crop of the honeybee (Apis mellifera) nectar. Honey contains 13-20% water, 75-80% carbohydrates (glucose, fructose, sucrose), vitamins B1, B2, B6, E, K, C, provitamin A-carotene, folic acid. A special taste and aroma of honey, along with its usefulness, forcing many people to prefer it over other sweetener honey.

Types of flower honey


Depending on the honey plant, which was collected nectar by bees, honey varies in color, taste and smell. If the honey is obtained from one particular plant species, it usually gives him the name of this plant are: lime, kipreyny, buckwheat, sunflower, etc. If the bees have collected nectar from various plants, such honey is commonly referred to as mixed, or just a flower. Must realize that to get honey from a honey plant is virtually impossible – usually near the apiary while honey plants bloom more, but when pumping with the freshest honey can get old stock of bee families collected earlier from other plants.

How to check the quality of honey?


Zakristalizovavshiysya saloobraznoy honey, fine-grained or structure – it’s normal honey.
Liquid honey is only in the summer months.
(An exception is the honey collected from acacia and from some other plants.) If the honey in the winter under normal storage conditions remains liquid, it testifies about his or fraud, or a strong warming. (However, sometimes adulterated honey may crystallize.) Product must not contain honey bee corpses, pieces of wax particles of grass, as well as Ground source of bubbles left on the surface at the time of settling after the evacuation. (What’s often added to adulterate honey per “fool” in order to convince a simpleton in his authenticity.) Kachestvenny honey should not foam, which is a sign of his immaturity, the development of fermentation processes, deterioration of taste, nutritional and medicinal properties.
Haturalny flower honey has a pleasant odor (except, for example, honey and rose-tea has a subtle scent, or not having it at all.) Adulterated honey usually has no odor. In conclusion – some simple, easily accessible for testing reactions the most common ways of rigging the honey. The sample is desirable to take honey from the bottom of dishes, to add a little honey distilled water and stir.
1.Proba on starch additives – to add a few drops of iodine. If honey turns blue – so the honey mixed with starch.
2.Proba in chalk – Add a few drops of any acid or vinegar. If the “boil”, then added chalk.
3.Proba a sugar syrup – add 5-10% solution of nitric acid silver (in a different lapis, or hemostatic pencil is at any pharmacy.) If the syrup is added, there will be a white precipitate of silver chloride, which never happens in the pure honey .

Medical value


Honey is not only useful as a general strengthening the human agent. Honey has beneficial effects for nervous exhaustion, helps with heart and stomach disorders, liver disease. Honey soothes the mucous membranes and is recommended for cough and sore throat.
During World War II, many hospitals have successfully used honey as an external remedy for healing wounds and treating skin diseases such gnoynikovyh as carbuncles and boils. It was found that honey has antibacterial properties, it has the ability to kill pathogens or to delay their growth. In the ancient time when long distance transportation of meat for preservation poured his honey.
Honey can be used as a remedy for many diseases of digestive tract, especially gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, chronic gastritis with low acidity and. The composition of honey contains about 300 different substances in the honey bee has almost all the chemical elements necessary for the proper functioning of the human body, which absorbs it 100%.

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